OCCITANIA, LO STATO PONTIFICIO, ED
IL PATRIARCATO ANGLICANO DI ROMA

OCCITANIA, THE PONTIFICAL STATES,  AND THE
ANGLICAN PATRIARCHATE OF ROME


Occitania is an expansive historic area now located within the modern countries of France, Spain, and Italy and shares an important history and legacy with the Pontifical States and the Anglican Patriarchate of Rome. During the time of the Roman Empire, it was mostly known as Aquitania. The earlist parts were known as Provincia Romana. After the Roman Empire, it was united under the Visigoths, as well as under the Merovingian and Carolingian Dynasties. 

The Occitan language was the first Romance language to develop from the Latin vulgate. There are between 500,000 and 800,000 million native speakers today. A region with a distinct and unique ethnic minority identity, Occitania was gradually conquered by the French Kings between the 13th to 17th centuries. Over that same time period, the Occitan language was slowly replaced with French. Other languages historically associated with the region are Italian, Spanish, and Catalán. The French Republic recognises Occitan as an official minority languages, and in 2016, the French government recognised the unique character of the region. Occitan was also among the languages spoken within the Pontifical States. 


How did the shared legacy occur?
Overlapping a major geographical section of Occitania was the Kingdom of Burgundy-Arles. This country formed after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and was ruled successively by the Burgundians, the Merovingians, and the Carolingians. From the 10th to 11th centuries, it was at its greatest expanse and was also known as the Kingdom of Arles.


Map showing the approximate locations of
Occitania and the Kingdom of Burgundy

Avignon, where the Papacy resided for a number of years, is also located in the area of the historic Kingdom of Burgundy. The Houses of Arles and Ivrea, which ruled as Kings of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire, also had their origins in Burgundy. The House of Ivrea later moved to Spain, where they ruled in Barcelona, Castile y León, and Aragón. (The famous King Ferdinand and Queen Isabela were of a cadet branch of the House of Ivrea.)


Clement V, Pope-Prince of Rome
(One of the Avignon Popes)


The modern Pontifical States, the Anglican Patriarchate of Rome, and His Holiness the Papa-Prince of Rome are the heirs to the Burgundian Houses of Arles and the Spanish-Burgundian Houses of Ivrea in Imperial Italy. In fact, one of the four founders of the legacy of the Patriarchate is Bosone, King of Lower Burgundy and Imperial Vice-King of Italy who ruled from 879-887. 


Bosone d'Arles, King of Lower Burgundy and Imperial Vice-King of Italy

Today the modern Pontifical States and Anglican Patriarchate of Rome preserve the heritage of Occitania not only as living representatives of shared legacy, but also as spiritual shpeherds of the Lower-Gallican (or Gallo-Roman) Rite of the Church. This Rite was also used in Spain and Italy, particularly southern Italy, Tuscany, and northwestern Italy. It was also found in the British Isles since before the time of St. Augustine of Canterbury, credited as founder of the Anglican Rite. Pope St. Gregory the Great instructed that the Gallican Rite in Britain was to be respected. Gallican and Roman Rites came to be mixed, and this beautiful mixture can be credited as the basis of the Anglican Rite. 

Gallo-Russo-Byzantine Catholicate



Il Patriarcato Anglicano (Chiesa Romano Cattolica di Rito Anglicano) è una sovranità ecclesiastica per diritto di Roma con un governo indipendente a stato consultivo speciale col Consiglio Economico e Sociale delle Nazioni Unite. Inoltre, discendiamo dalla Sede di Utrecht, a cui fu concessa l'autonomia nel 1145 da Papa Eugenio III e confermata nel 1520 da Papa San Leone X nella Bolla Debitum Pastoralis, questo diritto divenne noto come Privilegio Leonino. Come l'unico successore di Papa San Leone X e successore temporale di San Pietro Apostolo, il Patriarcato è pienamente cattolico e detiene la stessa autorità canonica della Comunione Romana (Vaticano). Il Patriarcato è il successore ecclesiastico di Roma temporale, il patrimonio temporale dell'Impero Romano rivendicato storicamente di diritto del papato. La successione passò al Patriarcato dopo Benedetto XVI per diritto di Roma e Firenze, col Papa-Principe e Patriarca Anglicano di Roma con autorità papale come successore temporale di San Pietro, e il Papa-Vescovo di Roma come successore spirituale di San Pietro e de facto sovrano dello Stato della Città del Vaticano. Anche se amministrativamente indipendente, la Sede Patriarcale abbraccia come fratelli gli altri organismi cattolici e anglicani, come la Comunione Romana corrente (comunemente come la Chiesa Romano Cattolica), l'Ordinariato Anglicano, e la Comunione Anglicana. La Chiesa Romana Imperiale, il Patriarcato Anglicano e le chiese dei vescovi riconosciuti dal patriarcato. Anche se amministrativamente indipendente, la Sede Patriarcale abbraccia come fratelli gli altri organismi cattolici e anglicani, come la Comunione Romana corrente (comunemente come la Chiesa Romano Cattolica), l'Ordinariato Anglicano, e la Comunione Anglicana. La Chiesa Romana Imperiale è il Patriarcato Anglicano e le chiese dei vescovi riconosciuti dal patriarcato. I governi delle moderne repubbliche di Italia, Germania, Francia, Svizzera, e gli Stati Uniti, e dei moderni regni di Gran Bretagna e Spagna, così come l'Unione Europea non sono affiliati al governo dello Stato Pontificio in esilio.

The Anglican Patriarchate (Anglican Rite Roman Catholic Church) is an ecclesiastical sovereignty by right of Rome with an independent government in special consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Additionally, we descend from the See of Utrecht, which was granted autonomy in 1145 by Pope Eugene III and confirmed in 1520 by Pope St. Leo X in the Bull Debitum Pastoralis, this right becoming known as the Leonine Privilege. As the sole successor of Pope St. Leo X and temporal successor of St. Peter the Apostle, the Patriarchate is fully Catholic and holds the same canonical authority as the Roman Communion (Vatican). The Patriarchate is the ecclesiastical successor to temporal Rome, the temporal patrimony of the Roman Empire claimed historically by right of the papacy. The succession passed to the Patriarchate after Benedict XVI by right of Rome and Florence, with the Papa-Prince and Anglican Patriarch of Rome with papal authority as temporal successor of St. Peter, and the Pope-Bishop of Rome as spiritual successor of St. Peter and de facto sovereign of the Vatican City-State. Although administratively independent, the See embraces as brethren other Catholic and Anglican bodies, such as the current Roman Communion (commonly referred to as the Roman Catholic Church), the Anglican Ordinariate, and the Anglican Communion. The Imperial Roman Church is defined as the Anglican Patriarchate and the churches of all Bishops recognised by the Patriarchate. Although administratively independent, the See embraces as brethren other Catholic and Anglican bodies, such as the current Roman Communion (commonly referred to as the Roman Catholic Church), the Anglican Ordinariate, and the Anglican Communion. The Imperial Roman Church is defined as the Anglican Patriarchate and the churches of all Bishops recognised by the Patriarchate. The governments of the modern republics of Italy, German, France, Switzerland, and the United States, and of the modern kingdoms of Great Britain and Spain, as well as the European Union are not affiliated with the Stato Pontificio government in exile.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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