TEMPORAL SUCCESSION OF THE
PONTIFICAL IMPERIAL STATE OF ROME-RUTHENIA


1. St. Peter (32-67)

2. St. Linus (67-76)

3. St. Anacletus (Cletus) (76-88)

4. St. Clement I (88-97)

5. St. Evaristus (97-105)

6. St. Alexander I (105-115)

7. St. Sixtus I (115-125) Also called Xystus I

8. St. Telesphorus (125-136)

9. St. Hyginus (136-140)

10. St. Pius I (140-155)

11. St. Anicetus (155-166)

12. St. Soter (166-175)

13. St. Eleutherius (175-189)

14. St. Victor I (189-199)

15. St. Zephyrinus (199-217)

16. St. Callistus I (217-22)

17. St. Urban I (222-30)

18. St. Pontian (230-35)

19. St. Anterus (235-36)

20. St. Fabian (236-50)

21. St. Cornelius (251-53)

22. St. Lucius I (253-54)

23. St. Stephen I (254-257)

24. St. Sixtus II (257-258)

25. St. Dionysius (260-268)

26. St. Felix I (269-274)

27. St. Eutychian (275-283)

28. St. Caius (283-296)

29. St. Marcellinus (296-304)

30. St. Marcellus I (308-309)

31. St. Eusebius (309 or 310)

32. St. Miltiades (311-14)

33. St. Sylvester I (314-35)

34. St. Marcus (336)

35. St. Julius I (337-52)

36. Liberius (352-66)

37. St. Damasus I (366-84)

38. St. Siricius (384-99)

39. St. Anastasius I (399-401)

40. St. Innocent I (401-17)

41. St. Zosimus (417-18)

42. St. Boniface I (418-22)

43. St. Celestine I (422-32)

44. St. Sixtus III (432-40)

45. St. Leo I (the Great) (440-61)

46. St. Hilarius (461-68)

47. St. Simplicius (468-83)

48. St. Felix III (II) (483-92)

49. St. Gelasius I (492-96)

50. Anastasius II (496-98)

51. St. Symmachus (498-514)

52. St. Hormisdas (514-23)

53. St. John I (523-26)

54. St. Felix IV (III) (526-30)

55. Boniface II (530-32)

56. John II (533-35)

57. St. Agapetus I (535-36)

58. St. Silverius (536-37)

59. Vigilius (537-55)

60. Pelagius I (556-61)

61. John III (561-74)

62. Benedict I (575-79)

63. Pelagius II (579-90)

64. St. Gregory I (the Great) (590-604)

65. Sabinian (604-606)

66. Boniface III (607)

67. St. Boniface IV (608-15)

68. St. Deusdedit (Adeodatus I) (615-18)

69. Boniface V (619-25)

70. Honorius I (625-38)

71. Severinus (640)

72. John IV (640-42)

73. Theodore I (642-49)

74. St. Martin I (649-55)

75. St. Eugene I (655-57)

76. St. Vitalian (657-72)

77. Adeodatus (II) (672-76)

78. Donus (676-78)

79. St. Agatho (678-81)

80. St. Leo II (682-83)

81. St. Benedict II (684-85)

82. John V (685-86)

83. Conon (686-87)

84. St. Sergius I (687-701)

85. John VI (701-05)

86. John VII (705-07)

87. Sisinnius (708)

88. Constantine (708-15)

89. St. Gregory II (715-31)

90. St. Gregory III (731-41)

91. St. Zachary (741-52)

92. Stephen II (III) (752-57)

93. St. Paul I (757-67)

94. Stephen III (IV) (767-72)

95. Adrian I (772-95)

96. St. Leo III (795-816)

97. Stephen IV (V) (816-17)

98. St. Paschal I (817-24)

99. Eugene II (824-27)

100. Valentine (827)

101. Gregory IV (827-44)

102. Sergius II (844-47)

103. St. Leo IV (847-55)

104. Benedict III (855-58)

105. St. Nicholas I (the Great) (858-67)

106. Adrian II (867-72)

107. John VIII (872-82)

108. Marinus I (882-84)

109. St. Adrian III (884-85)

110. Stephen V (VI) (885-91)

111. Formosus (891-96)

112. Boniface VI (896)

113. Stephen VI (VII) (896-97)

114. Romanus (897)

115. Theodore II (897)

116. John IX (898-900)

117. Benedict IV (900-03)

118. Leo V (903)

119. Sergius III (904-11)

120. Anastasius III (911-13)

121. Lando (913-14)

122. John X (914-28)

123. Leo VI (928)

124. Stephen VIII (929-31)

125. John XI (931-35)

126. Leo VII (936-39)

127. Stephen IX (939-42)

128. Marinus II (942-46)

129. Agapetus II (946-55)

130. John XII (955-63)

131. Leo VIII (963-64)

132. Benedict V (964)

133. John XIII (965-72)

134. Benedict VI (973-74)

135. Benedict VII (974-83)

136. John XIV (983-84)

137. John XV (985-96)

138. Gregory V (996-99)

139. Sylvester II (999-1003)

140. John XVII (1003)

141. John XVIII (1003-09)

142. Sergius IV (1009-12)

143. Benedict VIII (1012-24)

144. John XIX (1024-32)

145. Benedict IX (1032-45)

146. Sylvester III (1045)

147. Benedict IX (1045)

148. Gregory VI (1045-46)

149. Clement II (1046-47)

150. Benedict IX (1047-48)

151. Damasus II (1048)

152. St. Leo IX (1049-54)

153. Victor II (1055-57)

154. Stephen X (1057-58)

155. Nicholas II (1058-61)

156. Alexander II (1061-73)

157. St. Gregory VII (1073-85)

158. Blessed Victor III (1086-87)

159. Blessed Urban II (1088-99)

160. Paschal II (1099-1118)

161. Gelasius II (1118-19)

162. Callistus II (1119-24)

163. Honorius II (1124-30)

164. Innocent II (1130-43)

165. Celestine II (1143-44)

166. Lucius II (1144-45)

167. Blessed Eugene III (1145-53)

168. Anastasius IV (1153-54)

169. Adrian IV (1154-59)

170. Alexander III (1159-81)

171. Lucius III (1181-85)

172. Urban III (1185-87)

173. Gregory VIII (1187)

174. Clement III (1187-91)

175. Celestine III (1191-98)

176. Innocent III (1198-1216)

177. Honorius III (1216-27)

178. Gregory IX (1227-41)

179. Celestine IV (1241)

180. Innocent IV (1243-54)

181. Alexander IV (1254-61)

182. Urban IV (1261-64)

183. Clement IV (1265-68)

184. Blessed Gregory X (1271-76)

185. Blessed Innocent V (1276)

186. Adrian V (1276)

187. John XXI (1276-77)

188. Nicholas III (1277-80)

189. Martin IV (1281-85)

190. Honorius IV (1285-87)

191. Nicholas IV (1288-92)

192. St. Celestine V (1294)

193. Boniface VIII (1294-1303)

194. Blessed Benedict XI (1303-04)

195. Clement V (1305-14)

196. John XXII (1316-34)

197. Benedict XII (1334-42)

198. Clement VI (1342-52)

199. Innocent VI (1352-62)

200. Blessed Urban V (1362-70)

201. Gregory XI (1370-78)

202. Urban VI (1378-89)

203. Boniface IX (1389-1404)

204. Innocent VII (1404-06)

205. Gregory XII (1406-15)

206. Martin V (1417-31)

207. Eugene IV (1431-47)

208. Nicholas V (1447-55)

209. Callistus III (1455-58)

210. Pius II (1458-64)

211. Paul II (1464-71)

212. Sixtus IV (1471-84)

213. Innocent VIII (1484-92)

214. Alexander VI (1492-1503)

215. Pius III (1503)

216. St. Julius II (1503-13)

217. St. Leo X (1513-21)

218. Adrian VI (1522-23)

219. Clement VII (1523-34)

220. Paul III (1534-49)

221. Julius III (1550-55)

222. Marcellus II (1555)

223. Paul IV (1555-59)

224. Pius IV (1559-65)

225. St. Pius V (1566-72)

226. Gregory XIII (1572-85)

227. Sixtus V (1585-90)

228. Urban VII (1590)

229. Gregory XIV (1590-91)

230. Innocent IX (1591)

231. Clement VIII (1592-1605)

232. Leo XI (1605)

233. Paul V (1605-21)

234. Gregory XV (1621-23)

235. Urban VIII (1623-44)

236. Innocent X (1644-55)

237. Alexander VII (1655-67)

238. Clement IX (1667-69)

239. Clement X (1670-76)

240. Blessed Innocent XI (1676-89)

241. Alexander VIII (1689-91)

242. Innocent XII (1691-1700)

243. Clement XI (1700-21)

244. Innocent XIII (1721-24)

245. Benedict XIII (1724-30)

246. Clement XII (1730-40)

247. Benedict XIV (1740-58)

248. Clement XIII (1758-69)

249. Clement XIV (1769-74)

250. Pius VI (1775-99)

251. Pius VII (1800-23)

252. Leo XII (1823-29)

253. Pius VIII (1829-30)

254. Gregory XVI (1831-46)

255. St. Pius IX (1846-78)

256. Leo XIII (1878-1903)

257. St. Pius X (1903-14)

258. Benedict XV (1914-22)

259. Pius XI (1922-39)

260. St. Pius XII (1939-58)

261. St. John XXIII (1958-63)

262. Paul VI (1963-78)

263. John Paul I (1978)

264. St. John Paul II (1978-2005) (abdication of temporal claims of the Roman Papacy other than to the Vatican City-State)

265. Benedict XVI (2005-2013) (abdication of the Patriarchal office)

266. Rutherford I (2011 - )


Temporal Succession from Hugh, King of Italy

Hugh d'Arles, King of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

Bosone d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany * Brother of Hugh, King of Italy.

Umberto d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany * Son of Hugh, King of Italy

Hugh d'Arles, Margrave of Tuscany

Boniface III di Canossa, Margrave of Tuscany * Grandson of Hugh, King of Italy

Federico di Canossa, Margrave of Tuscany

Matilda di Canossa, Margravine of Tuscany, Vice-Queen of Italy in the Holy Roman Empire * Daughter of Boniface III of Tuscany and Beatrice of Lorraine and Bar. Titles and lands were gifted to the church upon her death without issue, thus initiating the ecclesiastical temporal claims associated with Tuscany. Though the Popes had claim of sovereignty over Italy as Imperial Vice-King, they exercised this as Pope and Ecclesiastical Overlord of Italy.

Papa Paschal II

...

Etc.


Temporal Succession of the Holy Church and Pontifical Imperial State
from the Roman Empire

Gaius Julius Caesar

Augustus (Imperator Caesar Augustus)

Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Augustus)

Caligula (Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus)

Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus)

Nero (Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus)

Galba (Servius Galba Caesar Augustus)

Otho (Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus)

Vitellius (Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Augustus)

Vespasianus (Caesar Vespasianus Augustus)

Titus (Titus Caesar Vespasianus Augustus)

Domitianus (Caesar Domitianus Augustus)

Nerva (Nerva Caesar Augustus)

Trajanus (Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus)

Hadrianus (Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus)

Antoninus Pius (Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius)

Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus)

Lucius Verus (Lucius Aurelius Verus)

Commodus (Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus)

Pertinax (Publius Helvius Pertinax)

Didius Julianus (Marcus Didius Severus Julianus)

Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax)

Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus)

Geta (Publius Septimius Geta)

Macrinus (Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus)

Diadumenianus (Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus)

Elagabalus (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus)

Severus Alexander (Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander)

Maximinus Thrax (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus)

Gordianus I (Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus)

Gordianus II (Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus)

Pupienus (Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus)

Balbinus (Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus)

Gordianus III (Marcus Antonius Gordianus)

Philippus (Marcus Julius Philippus)

Philippus II (Marcus Julius Severus Philippus)

Decius (Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius)

Herennius Etruscus (Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius)

Hostilianus (Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus)

Trebonianus Gallus (Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus)

Volusianus (Gaius Vibius Afinius Gallus Veldumnianus Volusianus)

Aemilianus (Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus)

Valerianus (Publius Licinius Valerianus)

Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus)

Saloninus (Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus Valerianus)

Claudius Gothicus (Marcus Aurelius Claudius)

Quintillus (Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus)

Aurelianus (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus)

Tacitus (Marcus Claudius Tacitus)

Florianus (Marcus Annius Florianus)

Probus (Marcus Aurelius Probus)

Carus (Marcus Aurelius Carus)

Carinus (Marcus Aurelius Carinus)

Numerianus (Marcus Aurelius Numerianus)

Diocletianus (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus)

Maximianus (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus)

Galerius (Galerius Valerius Maximianus)

Constantius I (Flavius Valerius Constantius)

Constantinus I (Flavius Valerius Constantinus)

Severus (Flavius Valerius Severus)

Maxentius (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius)

Licinius (Valerius Licinianus Licinius)

Maximinus Daza (Galerius Valerius Maximinus)

Valerius Valens (Aurelius Valerius Valens)

Martinianus (Sextus Marcius Martinianus)

Constantinus II (Flavius Claudius Constantinus)

Constantius II (Flavius Julius Constantius)

Constans (Flavius Julius Constans)

Vetranio (Flavius Claudius Julianus)

Jovianus (Flavius Jovianus)

Valentinianus I (Valentinianus)

Valens

Gratianus

Valentinianus II

Theodosius I

Magnus Maximus

Victor (Flavius Victor)

Eugenius

Honorius

Constantinus III (Flavius Claudius Constantinus)

Constans II

Constantius III

Joannes

Valentinianus III (Placidus Valentinianus)

Petronius Maximus

Avitus (Eparchius Avitus)

Majorianus (Julius Valerius Maiorianus)

Libius Severus

Anthemius (Procopius Anthemius)

Olybrius (Anicius Olybrius)

Glycerius

Julius Nepos

Romulus Augustus

Papa Sanctus Simplicius

...

etc.


SUCCESSION FROM THE
BYZANTINE/EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

Romulus Augustus

Valentinian III (425 – 455)

Marcianus (450 – 457)

Leo I (457 – 474)

Leo II "the Younger" (18 January – November 474)

Zeno (29 January 474 – 9 January 475)

Basiliscus (9 January 475 – August 476) (with Marcus (475–476))

Zeno (second reign) (August 476 – 9 April 491)

Anastasius I "Dicorus" (11 April 491 – 9 July 518)

Justinus I (9/10 July 518 – 1 August 527)

Justinian I "the Great" (1 April 527 – 14 November 565)

Justin II (14 November 565 – 5 October 578)

Tiberius II Constantinus (26 September 578 – 14 August 582)

Mauricius Tiberius (13 August 582 – 27 November 602)  (with Theodosius (590–602))

Phocas (23 November 602 – 5 October 610)

Heraclius (ράκλειος) (5 October 610 – 11 February 641)

Heraclius Constantinus (ράκλειος Κωνσταντνος) (11 February – 25 May 641)

Heraclius (ράκλειος) (25 May – 5 November 641) (with Tiberius-David, son of Heraclius (641))

Constans II "the Bearded" (Κωνσταντνος) (September 641 – 15 July 668)

Constantine IV (Κωνσταντνος) (September 668 – 10 July 685) (with Heraclius and Tiberius, sons of Constans II (659–681))

Justinian II "Rhinotmetus" (ουστινιανός) (July 685 – 695)

Leontius (Λέωντιος) (695 – 698)

Tiberius III (Τιβέριος) (698 – 21 August 705)

Justinian II "Rhinotmetus" (ουστινιανός) (second reign) (21 August 705 – 4 November 711) (with Tiberius, son of Justinian II (706–711))

Philippicus (Φιλιππικός) (4 November 711 – 3 June 713)

Anastasius II (ρτέμιος ναστάσιος) (4 June 713 – autumn 715)

Theodosius III (Θεοδόσιος) (Autumn 715 – 25 March 717)

Leo III "the Isaurian" (Λέων) (25 March 717 – 18 June 741)

Constantine V "Copronymus" (Κωνσταντνος) (18 June 741 – 14 September 775)

Artabasdos (ρτάβασδος) (June 741 – 2 November 743) (with Nikephoros, son of Artabasdos (741–743))

Leo IV "the Khazar" (Λέων) (14 September 775 – 8 September 780)

Constantine VI (Κωνσταντνος) (8 September 780 – 19 August 797)

Irene (Ερήνη) (19 August 797 – 31 October 802)

Nikephoros I "the Logothete" (Νικηφόρος) (31 October 802 – 26 July 811)

Staurakios (Σταυράκιος) (28 July – 2 October 811)

Michael I Rangabe (Μιχαλ) (2 October 811 – 11 July 813) (with Theophylact and Staurakios, sons of Michael I (811–813))

Leo V "the Armenian" (Λέων) (11 July 813 – 25 December 820) (with Constantine Symbatios (813–820))

Michael II "the Amorian" (Μιχαλ) (25 December 820 – 2 October 829)

Theophilos (Θεόφιλος) (2 October 829 – 20 January 842) (with Constantine (c. 834–835))

Theodora (Θεοδώρα) (20 January 842 – 15 March 856) (with Thekla (842–856))

Michael III "the Drunkard" (Μιχαλ) (20 January 842 – 24 September 867)

Basil I "the Macedonian" (Βασίλειος) (24 September 867 – 29 August 886) (with Constantine (868–879))

Leo VI "the Wise" (Λέων) (29 August 886 – 11 May 912)

Alexander (Αλέξανδρος) (11 May 912 – 6 June 913)

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (Κωνσταντνος) (6 June 913 – 9 November 959)

Romanos I Lekapenos (ωμανς) (17 December 920 – 20 December 944) (with Christopher (921–931), Stephen and Constantine Lekapenos (924–945))

Romanos II (ωμανς) (9 November 959 – 15 March 963)

Nikephoros II Phokas (Νικηφόρος) (16 August 963 – 11 December 969)

John I Tzimiskes (ωάννης) (11 December 969 – 10 January 976)

Basil II "the Bulgar-Slayer" (Βασίλειος) (10 January 976 – 15 December 1025)

Constantine VIII (Κωνσταντνος) (15 December 1025 – 12 November 1028)

Romanos III Argyros (ωμανς) (12 November 1028 – 11 April 1034)

Michael IV "the Paphlagonian" (Μιχαλ) (12 April 1034 – 10 December 1041)

Michael V "Kalaphates" (Μιχαλ) (13 December 1041 – 21 April 1042)

ZoŽ Porphyrogenita (Ζωή) (21 April – 11 June 1042)

Theodora Porphyrogenita (Θεοδώρα) (21 April – 11 June 1042)

Constantine IX Monomachos (Κωνσταντνος Μονομάχος) (11 June 1042 – 11 January 1055)

Theodora Porphyrogenita (Θεοδώρα) (second reign) (11 January 1055 – 31 August 1056)

Michael VI Bringas "Stratiotikos" (Μιχαήλ) (22 August 1056 – 30 August 1057)

Isaac I Komnenos (σαάκιος Κομνηνός) (1 September 1057 – 22 November 1059)

Constantine X Doukas (Κωνσταντνος Δούκας) (23 November 1059 – 23 May 1067)

Eudokia Makrembolitissa (Εδοκία Μακρεμβολίτισσα) (23 May – 31 December 1067)

Romanos IV Diogenes (ωμανς Διογένης) (1 January 1068 – 26 August 1071) (with Leo and Nikephoros Diogenes (c. 1070–71))

Michael VII Doukas "Parapinakes" (Μιχαλ Δούκας) (1 October 1071 – 24/31 March 1078) (with Konstantios (1060–1078), Andronikos (1068–1070s) and Constantine Doukas (1074–78; 1st time))

Nikephoros III Botaneiates (Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης) (3 April 1078 – 1 April 1081)

Alexios I Komnenos (λέξιος Κομνηνός) (1 April 1081 – 15 August 1118) (with Constantine Doukas (1081–1087; 2nd reign))

John II Komnenos "the Good" (ωάννης Κομνηνός) (15 August 1118 – 8 April 1143) (with Alexios Komnenos, son of John II (1119–1142))

Manuel I Komnenos "the Great" (Μανουλ Κομνηνός) (8 April 1143 – 24 September 1180)

Alexios II Komnenos (λέξιος Κομνηνός) (24 September 1180 – c. September 1183)

Andronikos I Komnenos "Misophaes" (νδρόνικος Κομνηνός) (c. September 1183 – 12 September 1185) (with John Komnenos, son of Andronikos I (1183–1185))

Isaac II Angelos (σαάκιος Κομνηνός γγελος) (12 September 1185 – 8 April 1195)

Alexios III Angelos ( λέξιος Κομνηνός) (8 April 1195 – 17/18 July 1203)

Alexios IV Angelos (λέξιος γγελος) (19 July 1203 – 27 January 1204)

Isaac II Angelos (σαάκιος Κομνηνός γγελος) (second reign) (19 July 1203 – 27 January 1204)

Alexios V Doukas "Mourtzouphlos" (λέξιος Δούκας) (27/28 January – 12 April 1204)

Baudouin I (Latin Emperor of Constantinople) (9 May 1204 – 14 April 1205)

Henri (20 August 1206 – 11 June 1216)

Pierre (July 1216 – 1217)

Yolande (1217 – August 1219)

Robert I (25 May 1221 – early 1228)

Jean (9 April 1229 – 23 March 1237)

Baudouin II (23 March 1237 – 25 July 1261)

Michael VIII Palaiologos (Μιχαλ Παλαιολόγος) (Restored Byzantine Empire) (1 January 1259 – 11 December 1282)

Andronikos II Palaiologos (νδρόνικος Παλαιολόγος) (11 December 1282 – 24 May 1328)

Michael IX Palaiologos (Μιχαλ Παλαιολόγος) (21 May 1294 – 12 October 1320)

Andronikos III Palaiologos (νδρόνικος Παλαιολόγος) (24 May 1328 – 15 June 1341)

John V Palaiologos (ωάννης Παλαιολόγος) (15 July 1341 – 12 August 1376)

John VI Kantakouzenos (ωάννης Καντακουζηνός) (8 February 1347– 10 December 1354)

Andronikos IV Palaiologos (νδρόνικος Παλαιολόγος) (12 August 1376 – 1 July 1379)

John V Palaiologos (second reign) (1 July 1379 – 14 April 1390)

John VII Palaiologos (ωάννης Παλαιολόγος) (14 April 1390 – 17 September 1390)

John V Palaiologos (third reign) (17 September 1390 – 16 February 1391)

Manuel II Palaiologos (Μανουλ Παλαιολόγος) (16 February 1391 – 21 July 1425)

John VIII Palaiologos (ωάννης Παλαιολόγος) (21 July 1425 – 31 October 1448) (Accepted the Union of Churches)

Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos (Κωνσταντνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος) (6 January 1449 – 29 May 1453) (Ratified the Union of Churches)

Nicholas V of Rome

... etc.


SUCCESSION FROM THE
KINGS OF RUTHENIA (OLD RUSSIAN STATE)

Clement VI of Rome (title reverted to source; in succession from St. Peter the
     Apostle 
& succeeded by Papa Innocent VI; continued in primary succession
     above
.)
Yuri II, King of Ruthenia
Andrew I, King of Ruthenia and Lev II, King of Ruthenia (joint rule)
Yuri I, King of Ruthenia, Grand Prince of Kiev
Lev I, King of Ruthenia, Grand Prince of Kiev
Danilo I Romanovich, King of Ruthenia (Russia) (via Rome), Grand Prince of Kiev
Roman the Great, Tsar and Autocrat of All Rus’ (via Constantinople)
   


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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